Census Bureau data shows that more Americans identifies as either German or African American than any other group. American people cite a variety of ethnic backgrounds.
From the first explorations into North America nearly a century before Jamestown to the banning of Mexican-American Studies in Arizona, here are 18 Latino historical events that every American should know.
Hispanics, including mestizos, indigenous and Afro-descended people from the area today known as Mexico, explored North America almost a century before the British first founded Jamestown.
Hispanics aren't foreigners in this country. Latinos, particularly those with Mesoamerican roots, have deeper roots in North America than those with other European backgrounds. A group of Spaniards, Afro-Latinos, indigenous people and mestizos setting out from colonial-era Mexico traveled into California and founded the city of Los Angeles.
Perhaps not for the most altruistic of reasons, the United States extended both citizenship and, shortly after, military conscription to Puerto Rico inas World War I raged on in Europe.
Puerto Ricans are American just like anyone born in the 50 states. As a politician, he pushed to boost Hispanic representation so that the political system would reflect the state's population. He also helped write portions of the state's constitution guaranteeing that people of Mexican descent wouldn't be disfranchised.
Because score Team Latino! Board of Education inthe courts ruled it unconstitutional to segregate students of Mexican heritage into inferior schools. The plaintiff, Sylvia Mendez, sued after being turned away from a "whites only" public school in California.
The decision from the 9th U. Circuit Court of Appeals helped pave the way for Brown v. Board of Education and played a key role in making school segregation illegal. This undated image provided by the U.
Postal Service shows a cent postage stamp, to be released Friday, Sept. Westminster School District, that paved the way for the nation's school desegregation. When his body was recovered and returned to his hometown of Three Rivers, Texas, the director of the funeral home forbad the family from using the chapel because he feared white residents would disapprove.
Forum, a civil rights organization led by Hector P. Garcia, organized a campaign that caught the attention of then-U.
He arranged for Longoria to be buried at Arlington National Cemetery. This repudiation of anti-Mexican-American sentiment stands as a milestone in the march toward the guarantee of Latinos' civil rights.
Following the triumph of the Cuban Revolution in and its sharp leftward turn within the next two years, Fidel Castro established a Communist government that remains in place today.
More than one million Cubans left the island as the Revolution became more radical, with most of them settling in Miami, Florida, a city they transformed. InFilipino and Latino farmworker unions joined in a strikeand later a boycott of grapes in the Delano area of California to protest poor conditions.
The five-year campaign ultimately succeeded in forcing the grape producers to sign union contracts. In the s, tensions in California rose between Chicanos and the Anglo sailors living there. Authorities viewed many young Chicanos, who favored baggy zoot suits, as criminals.
Sailors went around beating them up.
The tensions eventually erupted into a week of rioting in Junewhen some sailors descended upon Los Angeles and severely beat several " pachucos ," at times stripping the suits from their bodies.
The violence was met with indifference from police. The Zoot Suit Riots stand as a prominent example of the discrimination faced by the Mexican-American community that offers context for the Latino civil rights movement.
During a riot inpolice shot prominent journalist Ruben Salazar with a tear gas canister while he was drinking a beer at the Silver Dollar Bar and Cafe in Los Angeles, killing him. Salazar was one of the great Mexican-American journalists of his time, who covered local politics with the same vigor as he covered foreign wars.
His killing is viewed by many as a symbol of the injustices committed against the Chicano community in California. A champion of black and Hispanic rights who began his career before the end of segregation, Roberto Clemente was the first Latino in professional baseball to reach 3, hits.
He died in a plane crash in while delivering supplies to Nicaragua after an earthquake. The trailblazing Puerto Rican-born ballplayer not only built a stellar career, but also acted as politically conscious representative of the Latino community at a time when professional sports included few Hispanics.Hispanics in a Multicultural Society: A New American Dilemma?: The 20th Century has been marked by enormous change in terms of how we defi Read chapter 4.
Hispanics in a Multicultural Society: A New American Dilemma?: went from a low of years in to years in For other Hispanic groups, between and , the . In the official estimates, Black or African American Hispanics are the second-largest group, with million, or % of the whole group.
The remaining Hispanics are accounted as follows, first per the PEP: % American Indian and Alaska Native, % two or more races, % Asian, and % Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander.
Hispanic Americans The descendants of those Mexican people, as well those of other culturally Spanish countries, are referred to as Hispanics or Latinos.
Four primary groups of Hispanics exists in the United States today: Mexican Americans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, and smaller Spanish‐speaking groups from Central and South America.
U.S. Latino Population Growth and Dispersion Has Slowed Since Onset of the Great Recession 4. Ranking the Latino population in the states. By Renee Stepler and Mark Hugo Lopez. By , eight states had Latino populations of at least 1 million: California, Texas, Florida, New York, Illinois, Arizona, New Jersey and Colorado.
The United States of America has a racially and ethnically diverse population. This makes German and Irish the largest and second-largest self-reported ancestry groups in the United States.
In the United States the Hispanic and Latino population has reached 58 million in According to Pew Research Center the Latino population has.
The Hispanic-origin question is the primary identifier for Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, and other Hispanic groups. Editor's note: the ethnic and racial terms used on this page (e.g. "Negro") are those used by the Bureau of the U.S. Census, not the choice of the owners of this web site.