After reading a report in early that the rich mineral resources of the Congo Basin the modern-day Republic of the Congo could return an entrepreneurial capitalist a substantial profit, the Belgian king ordered the creation of the International African Association, under his personal direction, to assume control over the Congo Basin region. When Leopold asked for international recognition of his personal property in the Congo, Europe gathered at the Berlin Conference, called to create policy on imperial claims. The conference, after much political wrangling, gave the territory to Leopold as the Congo Free State. The conference further decreed that for future imperialist claims to garner international recognition, "effective occupation" would be required.
It is colour coded to show what each European power owns. The key is in the bottom left-hand corner. The divisions were arbitrarily decided by the colonising countries.
They were not based on existing tribal or geographical boundaries. Some of the new boundaries split tribes in half. Others made huge territories that were difficult to control. This led to conflicts in the twentieth century, when the colonised countries became independent.
Click on the map to see a larger version. Adventurers like Henry Stanley revealed that Africa was full of raw materials that could be exploited to fuel the industrial revolution. They saw it as a new place to invest the money made in industry.
European powers were slow to realise the benefits of claiming land in Africa but when one or two started the rest did not want to miss out.
In —5 the Scramble for Africa was at full speed. Thirteen European countries and the United States met in Berlin to agree the rules of African colonisation.
From to the continent was in conflict as these countries took territory and power from existing African states and peoples. Europeans, after the industrial revolution, considered industrial towns and technology to be signs of civilisation.
African peoples did not have these, so they were branded uncivilised. These attitudes allowed European colonists to ignore the established African tribes and kingdoms with their rich histories and cultures.
Bythe only independent African states were Liberia and Ethiopia. The area of West Africa that is now called the Democratic Republic of Congo is a good example of what happened to many African countries during the Scramble for Africa.
The Democratic Republic of Congo 1.
Before For centuries the Congo River basin was inhabited by tribes and kingdoms with individual cultures. Many of these peoples spoke Bantu languages. They did not have much contact with Europe, but in the s and s one of the kingdoms had contact with Portuguese explorers.
Click on the image below to see a map of the tribes of the Democratic Republic of Congo.The Scramble for Africa was the occupation, division, and colonization of African territory by European powers during the period of New Imperialism, between and It is also called the Partition of Africa and by some the Conquest of Africa.
The Scramble for Africa () Summary Historians generally agree that the Scramble for Africa, the rushed imperial conquest of the Africa by the major powers of Europe, began with King Leopold II of Belgium.
The "scramble for Africa" is also more accurately called the “Partition of Africa” or the “Conquest of Africa”. It refers to a period between the years and During this time, European countries occupied Africa and attempted to colonize it.
The "scramble for Africa" is also more accurately called the “Partition of Africa” or the “Conquest of Africa”.
It refers to a period between the years and During this time, European countries occupied Africa and attempted to colonize it. The Scramble for Africa was the occupation, division, and colonization of African territory by European powers during the period of New Imperialism, between and It is also called the Partition of Africa and by some the Conquest of Africa.
The Scramble for Africa (or the Race for Africa) was the proliferation of conflicting European claims to African territory during the New Imperialism period, between the s and the start of World War I.
Causes of the Scramble for Africa There were several factors which created the impetus for the Scramble for Africa, most of these were to do with events in Europe rather than in Africa. End of the Slave Trade: Britain had had some success in halting the slave trade around the shores of Africa, but inland the story was different. The Scramble for Africa, also known as the Race for Africa or Partition of Africa was a process of invasion, occupation, colonization and annexation of African territory by European powers during the New Imperialism period, between and World War I in As a result of the heightened tension between European states in the last . The Scramble for Africa ( to ) was a period of rapid colonization of the African continent by European powers. But it wouldn't have happened except for the particular economic, social, and military evolution Europe was going through.