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You are free to download this article provided it remains intact without alteration. You are also free to transmit this article and quote this article provided that proper citation of authorship is included. Theological Articles Everyone engages in theology. Everyone has a theology. The word "theology" is derived from two Greek words, theos meaning "God," and logos meaning "word" with extended meanings of "reasoning" or "logic.
Christians should not be afraid of theology or have an aversion towards theology. Theology is not necessarily overly intellectual or "unspiritual.
In analyzing the theological systems that predominate today, it is important that we remain as objective as possible. We do not want to misrepresent what others believe. We do not want to set up "straw men," which any wind-bag could blow down.
We do not want to engage in ballistic brick-throwing and unloving polemics against Christian peoples who hold differing theological opinions.
Genuine and sincere Bible-believing Christians subscribe to varying theological systems. Never do we want to "write someone off" and deny that they are our Christian brother or sister because they organize their "belief-system" differently that we do, provided they profess that Jesus is the Christ and have received Him by faith.
Christian unity is not uniformity of thought or ideology. We seek a unity of love despite diversity of opinion, understanding, interpretation or theological explanation.
Our unity is in Christ, not in theological constructions. In this study we will be considering the two predominant theological systems in conservative Christian theology today Covenant theology and Dispensational theologyand then proposing another theological interpretation Christocentric theologythat avoids some of the problems presented by the other two.
This will necessarily involve some critique of the predominant theological systems and their presuppositions. Questions will be asked about their premises, some of which beg for an answer. We seek not to destroy these theological systems, but to honestly inquire, question and confront.
In that these theological systems have innumerable variations among their proponents with subtle nuances of differing interpretation, we must attempt to analyze the over-all system and simplify the issues involved without being so simplistic as to misrepresent. Not an easy task! Covenant Theology Covenant theology is also referred to as "Reformed theology" and occasionally as "Federal theology.
In their protestation against the theology of Roman Catholicism, Martin Luther and John Calvin, among others, developed distinctive theological interpretations, so that Lutheran theology and Calvinistic theology both existed prior to Reformed or Covenant theology.
It was not until the seventeenth century that a systematized theology based upon the idea of "covenant" developed. Samuel Rutherford from Scotland, and Johannes Cocceius of Holland, were both instrumental in the establishment of Covenant theology.
It became firmly entrenched in Reformed Protestant theology after the Church of Scotland accepted the Westminster Confession inwhich incorporated the idea of federal or covenant theology into a creedal statement for the first time. The socio-political climate in which these ideas germinated is important.
There was strong emphasis on national sovereignty and on social contracts or "covenants" to defend national freedom. Societal and moral law was emphasized to maintain the new social structures. These sociological and cultural factors lent themselves to the development of a corresponding political theology which emphasized law and covenant and sovereignty.
Covenant theology has been conducive to political enmeshment throughout its history, as is evidenced by the contemporary resurgence of "theonomy" and "reconstructionism. Covenant theology is closely connected with "five-point" Calvinistic theology, though not to be equated with such.
A single, over-all, everlasting "covenant of grace" is postulated by covenant theology. The mention of an "everlasting covenant" in Genesis Is God the ultimate "legal contractor" who keeps adding clauses to the contract? Does the covenantal and legal framework lend itself to external behavioral legalism?
A second prominent feature of Covenant theology is the focus upon the "people of God. Does God need a "people" so necessarily as to become contingent on man for such? Does the sociological collectivism of an identified "people" overshadow the individual response to God in faith? Does the application of "benefits" adequately explain the life and work of Jesus Christ?
This is also identified and applied as the "unity of the Bible. When all subsequent covenantal actions of God must incorporate all precedent actions, so that there is an equivalency among all the "people of God" in every age, is God really free to do something "new" and unique and novel?
Is God unable to change His modus operandi?Automatic works cited and bibliography formatting for MLA, APA and Chicago/Turabian citation styles. Now supports 7th edition of MLA. Real news, curated by real humans. Packed with the trends, news & links you need to be smart, informed, and ahead of the curve.
Dispensational Theology, Covenant Theology, and Christocentric Theology. A comparison of theological systems noting the overemphases on continuity or discontinuity in . Course materials, exam information, and professional development opportunities for AP teachers and coordinators.
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