Endnotes Introduction John Milton, in his Tractate on Education, described a complete education one that prepares the individual to perform justly, skillfully, and magnanimously, all offices both public and private, of peace and war. Since its inception inThe Citadel has sought to prepare its graduates intellectually, physically and morally to be principled leaders and productive citizens in all walks of life.
Memorial Church finished and consecrated in Speyer commemorates the Protestation. The Protesting Speyer, part of the Luther Monument in Worms Protestant[ edit ] Six princes of the Holy Roman Empire and rulers of fourteen Imperial Free CitiesHistory lab reformation issued a protest or dissent against the edict of the Diet of Speyerwere the first individuals to be called Protestants.
The term protestant, though initially purely political in nature, later acquired a broader sense, referring to a member of any Western church which subscribed to the main Protestant principles.
Protestantism as a general term is now used in contradistinction to the other major Christian traditions, i. Roman Catholicism and Orthodoxy. During the Reformation, the term protestant was hardly used outside of German politics. People who were involved in the religious movement used the word evangelical German: For further details, see the section below.
Gradually, protestant became a general term, meaning any adherent of the Reformation in the German-speaking area. It was ultimately somewhat taken up by Lutheranseven though Martin Luther himself insisted on Christian or evangelical as the only acceptable names for individuals who professed Christ.
French and Swiss Protestants instead preferred the word reformed French: Evangelical[ edit ] Direction signs showing ways to two different Protestant churches in the German city of Wiesbaden. The word evangelical German: Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod.
Above all the term is used by Protestant bodies in the German-speaking areasuch as the Evangelical Church in Germany. The German word evangelisch means Protestant, and is different from the German evangelikal, which refers to History lab reformation shaped by Evangelicalism.
The English word evangelical usually refers to evangelical Protestant churches, and therefore to a certain part of Protestantism rather than to Protestantism as a whole. The English word traces its roots back to the Puritans in England, where Evangelicalism originated, and then was brought to the United States.
Martin Luther always disliked the term Lutheran, preferring the term evangelical, which was derived from euangelion, a Greek word meaning "good news", i. To distinguish the two evangelical groups, others began to refer to the two groups as Evangelical Lutheran and Evangelical Reformed.
Nowadays, the word also pertains in the same way to some other mainline groups, for example Evangelical Methodist. As time passed by, the word evangelical was dropped. Lutherans themselves began to use the term Lutheran in the middle of the 16th century, in order to distinguish themselves from other groups such as the Philippists and Calvinists.
Reformational[ edit ] The German word reformatorisch, which roughly translates to English as "reformational" or "reforming", is used as an alternative for evangelisch in German, and is different from English reformed German: Being derived from the word "Reformation", the term emerged around the same time as evangelical and protestant Main principles[ edit ] Key figures of the Protestant Reformation: Martin Luther and John Calvin depicted on a church pulpit.
These reformers emphasised preaching and made it a centerpiece of worship. The Bible translated into vernacular by Martin Luther. The supreme authority of scripture is a fundamental principle of Protestantism.
Various experts on the subject tried to determine what makes a Christian denomination a part of Protestantism.
A common consensus approved by most of them is that if a Christian denomination is to be considered Protestant, it must acknowledge the following three fundamental principles of Protestantism. Sola Scriptura The belief, emphasized by Luther, in the Bible as the highest source of authority for the church.
The early churches of the Reformation believed in a critical, yet serious, reading of scripture and holding the Bible as a source of authority higher than that of church tradition.
The many abuses that had occurred in the Western Church before the Protestant Reformation led the Reformers to reject much of its tradition, though some would maintain tradition has been maintained and reorganized in the liturgy and in the confessions of the Protestant churches of the Reformation.
In the early 20th century, a less critical reading of the Bible developed in the United States, leading to a "fundamentalist" reading of Scripture. Christian fundamentalists read the Bible as the "inerrant, infallible" Word of God, as do the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Anglican and Lutheran churches, but interpret it in a literalist fashion without using the historical critical method.
Sola Fide The belief that believers are justifiedor pardoned for sin, solely on condition of faith in Christ rather than a combination of faith and good works. For Protestants, good works are a necessary consequence rather than cause of justification.
It is opposed to the hierarchical system which puts the essence and authority of the Church in an exclusive priesthood, and makes ordained priests the necessary mediators between God and the people.
Calvin referred to the universal priesthood as an expression of the relation between the believer and his God, including the freedom of a Christian to come to God through Christ without human mediation.Welcome to the American Perspectives Volume I eText Website for Houston Community College.
Follow the instructions below to redeem the access code found in the Pearson Learning Solutions Student Access Kit that was packaged with your book. BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard. World history or global history (not to be confused with diplomatic, transnational or international history) is a field of historical study that emerged as a distinct academic field in the s.
It examines history from a global perspective. It is not to be confused with comparative history, which, like world history, deals with the history of multiple cultures and nations, but does not do so.
PRIMARY SOURCES • Landmark Documents • Court Cases • Supreme Court Cases • Newspaper Articles • Obituaries VOICES • Overview & Resources • Asian American • Children • Civil Rights • Immigrant • Native Americans • Texas • Women MULTIMEDIA • Digital Stories.
American History Curriculum-YEAR ONE - This is an older, free program I created for my son, but is still leslutinsduphoenix.com are NOT updated. This is one of our oldest programs (hence the Memorable Places and leslutinsduphoenix.com name) This is a year long literature based history study for grades , or as a homeschool supplement for grades K - middle school.
Welcome to the American Perspectives Volume I eText Website for Houston Community College. Follow the instructions below to redeem the access code found in the Pearson Learning Solutions Student Access Kit that was packaged with your book.