It is called a democracy, because not the few but the many govern. If we look to the laws, they afford equal justice to all in their private differences; if to social standing, advancement in public life falls to reputation for capacity, class considerations not being allowed to interfere with merit; nor again does poverty bar the way, if a man is able to serve the state, he is not hindered by the obscurity of his condition. Pericles' mother, Agariste, a member of the powerful and controversial noble family of the Alcmaeonidaeand her familial connections played a crucial role in helping start Xanthippus' political career.
As Thucydides recounts Pericles claiming in a famous speech, "Our natural bravery springs from our way of life, not from the compulsion of laws We are lovers of the beautiful, yet simple in our tastes, and we cultivate the arts without loss of manliness.
It was a happy moment of ancient history when free and prosperous men said things about the human condition which have not been said better since, in my opinion.
Perhaps no other city or culture has enjoyed such a fertile period of genius and brilliance in so many different disciplines. As a culture which prized intelligence and pleasure, Athens boasted a veritable pantheon of exceptional citizens who achieved brilliance in the arts, medicine, mathematics, and philosophy.
They were proud and considered even arrogant. They had reason to be. Many people today consider Athens in the age of Pericles as an ideal to be lived up to.
Our form of does not imitate the laws of neighboring states. On the contrary, we are rather a model to others. Our form of government is called a democracy because its administration is in the hands, not of a few, but of the whole people.
In the settling of private disputes, everyone is equal before the law. Election to public office is made on the basis of ability, not on the basis of membership to a particular class.
No man is kept out of public office by the obscurity of his social standing because of his poverty, as long as he wishes to be of service to the state.
And not only in our public life are we free and open, but a sense of freedom regulates our day-to-day life with each other. We do not flare up in anger at our neighbor if he does what he likes.
And we do not show the kind of silent disapproval that causes pain in others, even though it is not a direct accusation. In our private affairs, then, we are tolerant and avoid giving offense. But in public affairs, we take great care not to break law because of the deep respect we have for them.
We give obedience to the men who hold public office from year to year. And we pay special regard to those laws that are for the protection of the oppressed and to all the unwritten laws that we know bring disgrace upon the transgressor when they are broken.
We have had the good sense to provide for our spirits more opportunities for relaxation from hard work than other people. Throughout the year, there are dramatic and athletic contests and religious festivals. In our homes we find beauty and good taste, and the delight we find every day in and this drives away our cares.
And because of the greatness of our city, all kinds of imports flow in to us from all over the world.
It is just as natural for us to enjoy the good products of other nations as it is to enjoy the things that we produce ourselves.Module 4 - Pericles’ Funeral Oration: a Representation of Athenian Democracy LIST OF CONTENTS Information Sheet Section 1: What Task and Standards?
Teaching Task Common Core State Standards being discussed. • Occasionally takes notes related to the ideas being discussed.
Pericles' funeral oration is a speech written by Thucydides for his history of the Peloponnesian War. Pericles delivers the oration not only to bury the dead, but to praise democracy. Pericles, a great supporter of democracy, was a Greek leader and statesman during the Peloponnesian War.
This speech gives one of the best description of Athenian democracy and ancient Athens. In the speech Pericles relates the special qualities of the Athenians, redefining many traditional Greek value systems. In , shortly after the Peloponnesian War had broken out, Pericles delivered his famous Funeral Oration to commemorate those troops who had already fallen in battle.
Pericles's Funeral Oration study guide by katiemastrone includes 74 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Quizlet flashcards, activities and . 74 ancient hellas pericles’ funeral oration 75 We give our obedience to those whom we put in positions of authority, and we obey the laws themselves, especially those which are for the protection of the op-.